The DuPont Co. says it will stop making new payments into its pension plan for 13,000 current management and nonunion employees, freezing annual increases they had been accumulating the longer they work for the Wilmington-based pesticides and materials maker.
DuPont says it hopes to save $550 million over the years by freezing these pensions. It says it will also stop giving future retiree health benefits to staff who are currently below 50, saving another $50 million.
The freeze applies only to some future DuPont retirees. Current DuPont retirees’ pensions and healthcare benefits won’t be affected, the company says.
The company, which employs around 50,000 after spinning off Axalta, Chemours and other companies in recent years and laying off 5,000 management, research and other staff last winter, says it has followed Lockheed, Johnson Controls and other large manufacturers in switching workers from guaranteed pensions to 401(k) savings plans whose value rises and falls with the investment markets.
In 2007, DuPont stopped adding new hires to the pension plan. The company continued to boost promised benefits to plan members still working at the company.
Since then, it has assigned new workers to 401(k) retirement plans. Instead of guaranteeing pensions whose value rises with years of service, the company pays the equivalent of up to 9 percent of employees’ salaries into investment accounts, if they set aside up to 6 percent of their pay.
Workers put that money into funds from a menu of investments, in hopes they can stretch the tax-protected accounts, plus Social Security, to pay their way in retirement.
The freeze will take place in 2018 if the company stays on schedule to complete its planned merger with Dow Chemical Co. and split into separate pesticide, materials and specialized-products manufacturing companies, according to spokesman Daniel Turner.
Turner said the freeze was not connected to the Dow deal. Under CEO Edward Breen, DuPont has been cutting jobs, closing plants and consolidating vendors in an effort to boost profits and streamline operations in advance of the reorganization.
“Sadly, the ongoing cash buyout of 18,000 vested pensioners and today’s action to end pension accruals and health benefits project a company with little concern for those who have stayed with the company in order to build security for their families in the future,” Lawrence Craig Skaggs, a retired DuPont lobbyist, told me.
Since the Dow merger was announced in 2015, Skaggs has posted details and questions concerning DuPont retirement issues at his 6,300-member DuPont Pensioners Facebook site.
“We remain concerned that the DuPont pension plan,” which covers 133,000 current workers and retirees, “is less than 70% funded,” Skaggs added, citing Labor Department reports.
Retirees have been pressing DuPont and Dow to put more assets into retirement plans before they divide the companies, to ensure the plans remain solvent.
Pensioners in corporate plans that run out of cash are typically rescued by the federal Pension Benefit Guaranty Corp., which imposes limits on early retirement and payments above insured levels.
DuPont earlier this year offered some retired ex-employees who aren’t yet collecting the options of taking their money in lump-sum payments, or replacing their pensions with insurance annuities, backed against loss by state insurance guaranty funds.